One of but the outstanding municipalities of whatever the one of Santiponce, located in the proximities of the channel of the Guadalquivir composes the province of Seville is and on the slight heights that break the horizontalidad of the valley. Abundant Rico and in traditions, history, culture and art, the town closest contemplates in his horizon the city of Seville, of which dista so single 7 kilometers. The altitude on the level of the sea number in 18 meters in the elevated urban zone more. The population of the municipal term promoted 6,770 inhabitants in 1.996.
The most important period of the history of the municipality is, without doubt, the time of the Roman presence, period which the city becomes one of most important of the Empire.
Rome, by that one then emergent culture that began to extend by all Mediterranean, made formal appearance in the Bética to give the grace blow to its Carthaginian enemies who fell back towards the south incapable to make in front of the formidable legions of the Republic. Once won on the present Alcala of the River, general Publio Cornelio Escipión founded the villa of Itálica that, in principle, was destined to the veterans military. Year 206 ran before Christ and was born therefore the first Roman city outside the limits of the Italian peninsula.
With time, the city was taking prestige, greatness and character of residential zone. Every time they were plus his inhabitants, although the great expansion took place a.d. in century II, moment at which two important families of Itálica, connected in the genealogy, brought to the world to those who would get to become emperors of Rome: Frame Ulpio Trajano (52-117) and its successor, Publio Elio Adriano (76-138).
With emperors Trajano and Adriano, Itálica was developed very over which it had been until that moment. They appeared new centers cultural and social public, facilities, residential districts and buildings public. With this prosperity the rest of the days of the Empire lived the Roman city, until the decay of this one favored the incursion of the Central European Barbarians.
With the visigodos in the power, Itálica arrived at the extreme ruin when king Leovigildo, in the civil war against his Hermenegildo son, used stones of the Roman city to turn aside the channel of the Guadalquivir and to avoid with it the arrival of reinforcements for his rival, who had become hard in Hispalis. With this action great part of the greatness from the city when being reduced to ruins was lost.
Depopulated absolutely after Reconquista in 1.248, the Arab city of Talika (that it was not but that the rest of the Roman houses that had been still on ') was extinguished. At the end of century XIII, with the construction of the Monastery of San Isidoro of the Field, it was rebuilt like village under the name of San Geroncio, of whom it evolved until the present denomination.
The original nucleus of the present city is inheriting of the village that arises to the heat of the Monastery since, since it has been indicated, the rest of the Roman city were extinguished after Reconquista. That original nucleus we can today locate it between the old layouts (today, Reconciled of Extremadura) and present of state highway 630, also call Route of the Silver, forming a small separated oval of the Monastery by the channel of a small stream. The first expansions take place in Southeastern direction, around the smaller spas, and the south, uniting the original nucleus with the Monastery.
More recent expansions have taken place in North direction, supported in the old passage of the N-630 highway and reinforced by the construction of sport equipment and the entrance to the archaeological Set of Itálica, and southwest, supported in the highway that goes to Valencina. The most recent expansion has taken place with the occupying of terrain that occupied the stream and that has been urbanized by the Company Pu'blica de Suelo of Andalusia (EPSA).
As a result of the complex historical evolution of the urban structure which we have described, the present urban plot is complex, appearing the urban nucleus as a trimming that the suroriental zone of the Archaeological Set of Itálica borders and that it is limited in his zone this by the layout of the N-630. highway We can distinguish three areas based on the urban plot which they present/display: the original nucleus and the first expansions that present/display an anarchical plot of narrow and winding streets; the North zone, with a perfectly supported linear plot in the old passage of the highway; and the southwestern zone, product of a recent planning and with a perfectly orthogonal plot with the exception of some district of unifamiliares houses forming grids leaned by its vertices.
Both fixed historical-artistic but important of the nucleus already they have been mentioned. From one it leaves, the Archaeological Set of Itálica, within that they emphasize the Amphitheatre, the greater and smaller Theater, Spas and the important collection of houses of the city of the time of the emperors, great part of whose elements they are deposited in the Provincial Archaeological Museum. Of another part, the Monastery of San Isidoro of the Field, within which it emphasizes an important collection of paintings and sculptures of the great teachers of the baroque Sevillian. Recently fué discovered a Roman theater in quite good state.